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Brief Profile of the Awardee


Dr Bedangadas Mohanty

  • 2015
  • Physical Sciences
  • 08/04/1973
  • Experimental High Energy Physics (Heavy-Ion Collisions)
Award Citation:

Dr Mohanty made outstanding contributions in determining the QCD crossover temperature, a fundamental parameter of strong interaction physics and discovery of the heaviest anti-matter nuclei, with implications for the fields of nuclear physics, astrophysics and cosmology

Academic Qualifications:
SNODegreeSubjectCGP/MarksYearUniversityAdditional Particular
1B.Sc Physics Honours1st1994Utkal University & Ravenshaw CollegeBest graduate
2M.ScPhysics1st1996Utkal UniversityGold medalist
3Diploma in Advance PhysicsPhysics1st1997Institute of Physics, BhubaneswarL.K. Panda Fellowship
4PHDPhysics 2002Institute of hysics, BhuaneswarBest thesis in Nuclear Physics, by Indian Physics Association
Thesis and Guide details:
Details of CSIR Fellowship/ Associateship held, if any or from other sources/ agencies.
Significant foreign assignments:
(a) Significant contributions to science and/ or technology development by the nominee based on the work done in India during most part of last 5 years:
His pioneering work on the phase structure of the QCD phase diagram led to the establishment of the Quark-Gluon Plasma state (a state that existed in micro-second old Universe), Quark-hadron transition temperature, and new observables for disoriented chiral-condensates and critical-point signals. His contribution on first comparison of experimental data to first principle QCD calculations was published in Science and declared as the top ten breakthroughs in Physics for the year 2011 by Physics World. Working from India, he is the one of the founders of a dedicated experimental program at BNL, USA called the RHIC Beam Energy Scan program to establish the QCD phase diagram, which he subsequently led as the deputy spokesperson of STAR experiment. This program has so far resulted in high quality and impact publications, including five Physical Review Letters in last two years leading to significant understanding of the phase structure of the strong interactions. Further he led a team of physicists that discovered the anti-hypertriton and anti-alpha nuclei in nuclear interactions, with implications in fields of nuclear, cosmology and astrophysics. These discoveries were reported in high impact journals of Science and Nature.
(b) Impact of the contributions in the field concerned:
Dr. Bedangadas Mohanty has made several seminal contributions in the field of high-energy heavy-ion collisions. He has been recognized for his scientific achievements by the International community by first appointing him as the Physics Analysis Coordinator of a Brookhaven National Laboratory based experiment and then electing him as the Deputy Spokesperson of the STAR experiment at Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) Facility. STAR is one of the 3 ongoing dedicated experiments on high-energy heavy-ion collisions world wide, involving 500 Scientists from 12 countries and 50 institutions. He has been nominated and elected to the Editorial Board of the ALICE experiment at the Large Hadron Collider Facility, CERN. He is one out of the seven members that decides on ALICE physics publications out of a collaboration of 1200 scientists from 35 countries and 125 institutes. In addition he has been invited to deliver plenary talks at the highest conference in the field Quark Matter maximum number of times by an Indian and in the year 2009 to give the conference summary talk on phase transitions, critical point and Correlations. Within India his scientific work has been recognized through the award of prestigious DST SwarnaJayanti Award, DAE-SRC outstanding research investigator award, INSA young scientist Medal and Associate of Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore. His scientific contributions can be categorized into four broad classes: • Study of the phase diagram of strong interactions, one of the four basic interactions that occur in nature. He contributed to the establishment of the phase transition, its transition temperature a work which is published in Science 332 (2011) 1525. It was considered among the 10 best work by Physics World in the year 2011. His work on establishing the observable for critical point search in heavy-ion collisions published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 105 (2010) 022302 with 134 citations, is considered as a landmark work in the field. This helped him to propose and succeed in getting a dedicated experiment called the “Beam Energy Scan Program” at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider Facility to study the phase diagram of strong interactions. From the first data of the beam energy scan program he wrote an experimental paper that shows the possible critical point region of QCD phase diagram is near the beam energy of 20 GeV. This work is published in Physical Review Letters 112 (2014) 032302 already with 60 citations. He has very successfully led the beam energy scan physics program to publish so far 5 important scientific papers in Physical Review Letters in the years 2013 and 2014. • Establishing the formation of a new phase of matter, Quark Gluon Plasma in the laboratory. A state of matter that existed in the few microsecond old Universe. In this context, he has several seminal papers on signatures of QGP; related to observation of strangeness enhancement in heavy-ion collisions – Phys.Lett.B 673 (2009) 183; jet quenching effect - PRL 97 (2006) 152301; Physics Letters B 655 (2007) 104; 637 (2006) 161 and all of which are summarized in a review paper in Nucl. Phys. A 757 (2005) 102. These papers have a total citations of about 2300. • He led a team of international scientists to the discovery of two new anti-matter nuclei.
Places where work of last 5 years has been referred/ cited in Books, Reviews:
(i). Paper Cited
(ii). Book Cited
Names of the industries in which the technology (ies) has (have) been used :
The achievements already been recognised by Awards by any learned body:
The Awardee a fellow of the Indian National Science Academy/Indian Academy of Sciences/National Academy of Sciences/Others:
The Awardee delivered invited lecture(s) in India/abroad and/or chaired any scientific Internatiional Conference Symposium:
List of Awardee's 10 most significant publications.
List of Awardee's 5 most significant publications during the last 5 years
List of Awardee's 5 most significant publications from out of work done in India during the last five years:
Complete list of publications in standard refereed journals:
Complete list of publications with foreign collaborators (indicating your status as author):
List of papers published in Conferences /Symposia/ Seminars, etc:
List of the most outstanding Technical Reports/ Review Articles:
Statement regarding collaboration with scientists abroad:
The research work of Dr. Mohanty is carried out in India, however it involves necessarily using experimental facilities aboard. He has carried out his PhD work in WA98 experiment (CERN) and subsequent work in the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider Facility (BNL,USA) and ALICE experiment at the Large Hadron Collider Facility (CERN). These experiments involves multi-institutions, multi-country and several collaborators. The work done by a scientist is recognized by the talks he/she delivers on the research topic at various important conferences, corresponding author of the publication (author list in these experiments are in alphabetic), certified by the experimental spokesperson (head) that he/she is a primary author of the paper and positions he/she holds in the experiment. Dr. Mohanty have collaborations across 35 countries and 124 institutes of repute. Dr. Mohanty has held the following important positions in the experiments: (a) STAR Experiment, Deputy Spokesperson, from year 2011 to 2014. (b) STAR Experiment, Physics Analysis Co-ordinator, from year 2008 to 2011. Primary responsibility is to manage the physics activities of STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider Facility, at Brookhaven National Laboratory, USA (http://www.star.bnl.gov/). Further to guide the various analysis being carried out and to give new ideas and direction for future analysis projects. (c) Convener of the STAR Physics Working Group, for years 2006-2008. Primary responsibility is to manage the physics activities of particle spectra working group in STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider Facility, at Brookhaven National Laboratory, USA. (d) Member of the STAR Talks Committee, for year 2006-2008. Primary responsibility is to advice the Sopkesperson and/or chooses a suitable candidate among themore than 400 physicists in the STAR experiment, to present its most importantand new results at various conferences/symposiums/meetings. (e) ALICE-India Coordinator Light Flavour Physics Working Group (2013 and continuing). (f) Member Editorial Board, ALICE Experiment from 2014 onwards. The Editorial Board has 7 members out of the total collaboration of 1199 members. The members are actually drawn from those who have wide and comprehensive physics knowledge of the field and on whom the collaboration has faith to lead the physics program of the experiment. The board is responsible for refereeing and subsequent approval of all relevant ALICE publications concerning both physical and technical aspects of the experiments as well as contributions to proceedings and ALICE internal Notes. It has to guarantee an efficient and an effective quality assurance concerning all ALICE publications. In short no paper from ALICE can be published without the Editorial Board's approval.
List of Patents taken
Total number of patents granted in last five years.
Details of Books published:

Contact Details

  • School of Physical Sciences
    National Institute of Science Education and Research
    Jatni, Bhubaneswar
    Bhubaneswar - 752 050
    Odisha INDIA
  • 0674 239 4261
  • 0674 249 4004
  • bedanga[at]niser[dot]ac[dot]in
18 Jul 2024, https://ssbprize.gov.in/Content/Detail.aspx?AID=504